fastjson is a high performance and fully functional JSON library written in Java. It uses the algorithm of assumed ordered fast matching to put the performance of JSON Parse to the extreme, which is the fastest JSON library in the current Java language. fastjson interface is easy to use and widely adopted in scenarios such as cache serialization, protocol interaction, web output, Android client.
Fastjson AnterosDBCPConfig Remote Code Execution Vulnerability is caused by the usage of com.ibatis.sqlmap.engine.transaction.jta.JtaTransactionConfig class and bypassing fastjson blacklist. When server loads Anteros-DBCP dependency affected by vulnerabilities and enables autotype of fastjson, remote attackers can exploit remote code execution vulnerability by crafted attack code, and obtain control permission of servers eventually.
Taking fastjson1.2.62+ibatis-sqlmap-220.127.116.116.jar as a vulnerability environment, we pass in the constructed payload and parse entry using the method in the JSON class, as shown below:
Then we perform format parsing and special character detection in the JSONObject class. During the follow-up, when obtaining the class name passed by @type, we will check if the class is in the blacklist through the checkAutoType method. If the class name is in the blacklist, error will occur and the program will be terminated. As shown in the following figure:
After that, json format data in the payload will be matched with field names in the JSONScanner class. If the match is successful, the corresponding parameter will be passed by value to the corresponding attributes. The code is as follows:
Go to @type designated com.ibatis.sqlmap.engine.transaction.jta.JtaTransactionConfig class, and assign value for utxName variable through setProperties class. At this time, utxName value is from UserTransaction parameter value from json data.
When we pass the malicious address to the UserTransaction parameter and access it through the lookup method, the server can load the malicious file remotely.
So far the exploit process is basically complete.
We build a fastjson1.2.66 + ibatis-sqlmap-18.104.22.1686.jar vulnerability environment, pass specially crafted json data, let target server load malicious files on remote host, thereby executing malicious code on target host, as shown in Figure:
fastjson 1.2.66 or earlier
On Mar 3, 2020, Sangfor FarSight Labs reproduced this vulnerability successfully, then released alerts and solutions.
1. Disable autotype in fastjason. If this function is not needed, delete the following code:
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